autoevolution
FORD logo

46 production models

61 discontinued models

history
Henry Ford started the company in 1902 with $28,000 in cash from twelve investors, among which were John and Horace Dodge, who would later found the Dodge Brothers Motor Vehicle Company. He was 40 years when he first established the company's first factory on Bagley Street, Detroit.

He would later incorporate the firm on June 16, 1903. Ford Motor Company would go on and label their models chronologically in alfabetical order, starting with the Model A to the Model K and Model S, which was Ford's last right-hand steering vehicle. Then, in 1908 Ford introduced the Model T, which was designed by Childe Harold Wills and two Hungarian immigrants, Joseph A. Galamb and Eugene Farkas. This model proved to be of quintessential Ford vehicle, placing the company among the most influential automotive brands in history.

The Ford Model T was reliable, practical and affordable, which made it a big hit in the US, where it was advertised as the middle-class man's vehicle. The car's success compelled Ford to expand his business and layout the basics of mass production principles in 1913 with the introduction of the world's first vehicle assembly line. By 1912, production figures for the Model T alone reached nearly 200,000 units.

This organizational innovation brought in the vehicle construction field allowed Ford to reduce chassis assembly time by as much as 10 hours, dropping from 12 ½ h to 2h 40 min.

Besides ensuring the efficiency of the production process, Ford turned his company into an interactive entity by announcing a new profit-sharing policy. This would grant buyers a cut of profits if sales reached 300,000. As expected, sales effortlessly reached the 300k threshold and went even further to hit a record 501,000 in 1915.

As part of a new set of financial tactics, Ford provided working places for the disabled who otherwise had a hard time finding a job, reduced work shifts and doubled all employee's salaries. Changes like these sparked a tremendous sales increase while also setting the base of modern working conditions.

Still, the US and Canadian market would prove to be too small to fit Ford's plans. By the mid 20's, the Ford label had crossed the ocean and reached England, France, Germany, Denmark, Austria as well as distant Australia. The company's activity on European grounds further helped the brand's revenue growth.

War would not shake the Ford company as bad as other car makers. Post WWI improvements include the introduction of four-wheel brakes and a series of new vehicle releases to match new consumer demands. In 1922 Ford entered the luxury car segment with the acquisition of the Lincoln Motor Company, named after Abraham Lincoln whom Henry Ford admired.

Ford Motor Co. was one of the few big American corporations to survive the Great Depression, although the plummeting automotive sales led the company to scale down its operations and lay off many workers. In May 1929, Ford Motor Co. signed an agreement with the Soviet Union to provide technical assistance until 1938 to construct an integrated automobile-manufacturing plant at Nizhny Novgorod, in exchange for the Soviets purchasing $13 million worth of automobiles and parts. Under this agreement many American engineers and skilled auto workers went in 1932 to work on the Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod (GAZ), or Gorki Automotive Plant. The few who remained in the Soviet Union after the completion of the plant fell victims to Stalin's Great Terror, ending either shot or exiled to Soviet gulags.

With the arrival of WWII Ford increased its influence on the global stage becoming an active player in the war effort, a thing underlined by US President Franklin Roosevelt referring to Detroit as the "Arsenal of Democracy." When the US War Department handed production of B-24 Liberator airplanes to Ford, the output rose to 20 airplanes per day instead of only one per day managed by the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation.

After WWII Ford continued its passenger vehicle operations and in 1955 introduced the iconic Thunderbird model. Then it introduced the Edsel brand in 1958, which proved to be a failure and was dissolved in 1960. Part Edsel's failure as an automotive brand resided in the onset of the 1957 recession in the States and the vehicle's high price tag.

Ford Motor Co. managed to get back up from its Edsel failure with the introduction of the Falcon model in 1960 and the Mustang in 1964. The company's next major step was represented by the formation of Ford Europe division in 1967.

Ford plunged into a state of brand-fatigue that would bring the company to the point of near bankruptcy. Following major sales losses in the 2000's, Ford was pinned against the wall by debts and the imminence of closing down.

Preferring to make it back on its own, Ford mortgaged all of its assets in 2006. As of then, the company has releases a variety of new models both under the Ford brand name and the rest of the sub-brands it owns such as fresher and edgier Mercuries and flashier Lincolns, Ford's luxury division. Business in Europe has also been good for Ford, especially after the introduction of the Focus model in 1997 and although it hasn't fully recovered, it's definitely on the way to regaining popularity.
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production models:
sort:yearname
FORD Everest specs and photos

FORD Everest

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline

5 generations

2003 - present
FORD Escape specs and photos

FORD Escape

suvs

Gasoline · Hybrid · Hybrid gasoline · Diesel · Plug-in hybrid

7 generations

2000 - present
FORD Ranger Double Cab specs and photos

FORD Ranger Double Cab

trucks

Diesel · Gasoline

4 generations

2011 - present
FORD Wildtrak specs and photos

FORD Wildtrak

trucks

Diesel

2 generations

2019 - present
FORD Expedition specs and photos

FORD Expedition

suvs

Gasoline

7 generations

1996 - present
FORD Fiesta ST specs and photos

FORD Fiesta ST

hatchbacks

Gasoline

3 generations

2012 - 2021
FORD Focus Wagon specs and photos

FORD Focus Wagon

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid

8 generations

1999 - present
FORD F-150 Raptor  specs and photos

FORD F-150 Raptor

trucks

Gasoline

3 generations

2009 - present
FORD Focus ST 5 doors specs and photos

FORD Focus ST 5 doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

2012 - present
FORD Focus 5 Doors specs and photos

FORD Focus 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid ·

10 generations

1998 - present
FORD Fiesta 5 Doors specs and photos

FORD Fiesta 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Natural gas · Mild hybrid

11 generations

1989 - present
FORD Mustang specs and photos

FORD Mustang

coupes

Gasoline

24 generations

1964 - present
FORD F-150 Super Crew specs and photos

FORD F-150 Super Crew

trucks

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid gasoline

7 generations

2001 - present
FORD Explorer specs and photos

FORD Explorer

suvs

Gasoline · Hybrid gasoline

5 generations

2003 - present
FORD Galaxy specs and photos

FORD Galaxy

vans

Diesel · Gasoline

5 generations

1995 - present
FORD Kuga specs and photos

FORD Kuga

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline

4 generations

2008 - present
FORD GT specs and photos

FORD GT

coupes

Gasoline

3 generations

2004 - present
FORD S-Max specs and photos

FORD S-Max

vans

Diesel · Gasoline

3 generations

2006 - present
FORD Fusion North American specs and photos

FORD Fusion North American

sedans

Gasoline · Hybrid · Ethanol · Hybrid gasoline

9 generations

2005 - present
FORD Tourneo specs and photos

FORD Tourneo

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

7 generations

2003 - present
FORD Figo specs and photos

FORD Figo

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

2010 - present
FORD Edge specs and photos

FORD Edge

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

2006 - present
FORD Ka+ specs and photos

FORD Ka+

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2016 - present
FORD Mondeo Wagon specs and photos

FORD Mondeo Wagon

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid gasoline

8 generations

1993 - present
FORD Fiesta 3 Doors specs and photos

FORD Fiesta 3 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Natural gas

11 generations

1976 - present
FORD Mustang Convertible specs and photos

FORD Mustang Convertible

convertibles

Gasoline

8 generations

1964 - present
FORD EcoSport specs and photos

FORD EcoSport

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

2004 - present
FORD Ranger Super Cab specs and photos

FORD Ranger Super Cab

trucks

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

2000 - present
FORD Ranger Regular Cab specs and photos

FORD Ranger Regular Cab

trucks

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

2000 - present
FORD F-150 Regular Cab specs and photos

FORD F-150 Regular Cab

trucks

Gasoline

4 generations

1996 - present
FORD F-150 Super Cab specs and photos

FORD F-150 Super Cab

trucks

Gasoline · · Electric

5 generations

2001 - present
FORD Focus RS specs and photos

FORD Focus RS

hatchbacks

Gasoline

3 generations

2002 - present
FORD Puma specs and photos

FORD Puma

suvs

Gasoline · Mild hybrid · Diesel

2 generations

1998 - present
FORD Bronco specs and photos

FORD Bronco

suvs

Gasoline

9 generations

1966 - present
FORD Super Duty specs and photos

FORD Super Duty

trucks

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2021 - present
FORD Raptor Ranger specs and photos

FORD Raptor Ranger

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2018 - present
FORD Mustang Mach 1 specs and photos

FORD Mustang Mach 1

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

2020 - present
FORD Transit Connect Wagon specs and photos

FORD Transit Connect Wagon

wagons

· Gasoline

1 generation

2018 - present
FORD Edge ST specs and photos

FORD Edge ST

suvs

Gasoline

1 generation

2018 - present
FORD Maverick specs and photos

FORD Maverick

trucks

Gasoline · Hybrid gasoline

1 generation

2021 - present
FORD Mustang MACH-E specs and photos

FORD Mustang MACH-E

suvs

Electric

2 generations

2020 - present
FORD Territory specs and photos

FORD Territory

suvs

Gasoline

1 generation

2018 - present
FORD Puma ST specs and photos

FORD Puma ST

suvs

Gasoline

1 generation

2020 - present
FORD Ka+ Active specs and photos

FORD Ka+ Active

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2018 - present
FORD Transit Custom specs and photos

FORD Transit Custom

vans

Diesel

1 generation

2019 - present
FORD Focus ST Wagon specs and photos

FORD Focus ST Wagon

wagons

Gasoline

1 generation

2012 - present
 
discontinued models:
sort:yearname
FORD Anglia 100E specs and photos

FORD Anglia 100E

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1953 - 1959
FORD Anglia 105E specs and photos

FORD Anglia 105E

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1959 - 1967
FORD B-Max specs and photos

FORD B-Max

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2012 - 2017
FORD C-Max specs and photos

FORD C-Max

vans

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid · Ethanol · Natural gas

4 generations

2003 - 2019
FORD Capri specs and photos

FORD Capri

coupes

Gasoline

2 generations

1969 - 1986
FORD Consul specs and photos

FORD Consul

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

1950 - 1956
FORD Contour/Mondeo specs and photos

FORD Contour/Mondeo

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1997 - 2000
FORD Corsair specs and photos

FORD Corsair

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

1964 - 1970
FORD Cortina specs and photos

FORD Cortina

sedans

Gasoline

4 generations

1962 - 1979
FORD Cougar specs and photos

FORD Cougar

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1998 - 2001
FORD Crestline specs and photos

FORD Crestline

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1952 - 1954
FORD Crestliner specs and photos

FORD Crestliner

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1949 - 1951
FORD Crown Victoria specs and photos

FORD Crown Victoria

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

1998 - 2007
FORD Deluxe specs and photos

FORD Deluxe

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

1932 - 1938
FORD Econovan specs and photos

FORD Econovan

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1999 - 2005
FORD Escort 3 Doors specs and photos

FORD Escort 3 Doors

coupes

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1980 - 2000
FORD Escort 4 Doors specs and photos

FORD Escort 4 Doors

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1993 - 2000
FORD Escort 5 Doors specs and photos

FORD Escort 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1990 - 2000
FORD Escort Cabrio specs and photos

FORD Escort Cabrio

convertibles

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1993 - 1998
FORD Escort Clipper specs and photos

FORD Escort Clipper

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1991 - 1992
FORD Escort Wagon specs and photos

FORD Escort Wagon

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1995 - 2000
FORD Excursion specs and photos

FORD Excursion

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2000 - 2005
FORD Explorer Sport specs and photos

FORD Explorer Sport

suvs

Gasoline

1 generation

2001 - 2005
FORD Explorer Sport Trac specs and photos

FORD Explorer Sport Trac

trucks

Gasoline

2 generations

2002 - 2010
FORD Fiesta Sedan specs and photos

FORD Fiesta Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2011 - 2017
FORD Five Hundred specs and photos

FORD Five Hundred

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

2004 - 2007
FORD Flex specs and photos

FORD Flex

wagons

Gasoline

2 generations

2009 - 2019
FORD Focus 3 Doors specs and photos

FORD Focus 3 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

5 generations

1998 - 2011
FORD Focus CC specs and photos

FORD Focus CC

convertibles

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2006 - 2011
FORD Focus Sedan specs and photos

FORD Focus Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid

6 generations

1999 - 2018
FORD Focus US specs and photos

FORD Focus US

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2007 - 2010
FORD Freestar specs and photos

FORD Freestar

vans

Gasoline

1 generation

2003 - 2007
FORD Freestyle specs and photos

FORD Freestyle

suvs

Gasoline

1 generation

2004 - 2007
FORD Fusion European specs and photos

FORD Fusion European

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2002 - 2012
FORD Grand C-MAX specs and photos

FORD Grand C-MAX

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2011 - 2015
FORD Ka specs and photos

FORD Ka

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1997 - 2015
FORD Maverick LWB specs and photos

FORD Maverick LWB

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1993 - 1998
FORD Maverick SWB specs and photos

FORD Maverick SWB

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1993 - 1998
FORD Model A specs and photos

FORD Model A

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

1903 - 1905
FORD Model T specs and photos

FORD Model T

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

1908 - 1927
FORD Mondeo Hatchback specs and photos

FORD Mondeo Hatchback

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Ethanol

8 generations

1993 - 2018
FORD Mondeo Sedan specs and photos

FORD Mondeo Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid

6 generations

1993 - 2018
FORD Orion specs and photos

FORD Orion

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1990 - 1993
FORD Pinto specs and photos

FORD Pinto

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1971 - 1980
FORD Probe specs and photos

FORD Probe

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1994 - 1998
FORD Scorpio Sedan specs and photos

FORD Scorpio Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1990 - 1997
FORD Scorpio Wagon specs and photos

FORD Scorpio Wagon

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1992 - 1997
FORD Sierra 3 Doors specs and photos

FORD Sierra 3 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1990 - 1993
FORD Sierra 5 Doors specs and photos

FORD Sierra 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1990 - 1993
FORD Sierra Sedan specs and photos

FORD Sierra Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1990 - 1993
FORD SportKa specs and photos

FORD SportKa

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

2003 - 2008
FORD StreetKa specs and photos

FORD StreetKa

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

2003 - 2006
FORD Taunus specs and photos

FORD Taunus

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

1952 - 1959
FORD Taunus Cabrio specs and photos

FORD Taunus Cabrio

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

1952 - 1968
FORD Taurus specs and photos

FORD Taurus

sedans

Gasoline

5 generations

1995 - 2019
FORD Taurus SHO specs and photos

FORD Taurus SHO

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

2009 - 2019
FORD Taurus Wagon specs and photos

FORD Taurus Wagon

wagons

Gasoline

2 generations

1995 - 2007
FORD Taurus X specs and photos

FORD Taurus X

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

2007 - 2009
FORD Thunderbird specs and photos

FORD Thunderbird

convertibles

Gasoline

16 generations

1955 - 2005
FORD Windstar specs and photos

FORD Windstar

vans

Gasoline

1 generation

1998 - 2004
FORD Zodiac specs and photos

FORD Zodiac

sedans

Gasoline

2 generations

1962 - 1972