autoevolution
CITROEN logo

19 production models

44 discontinued models

history
Although punk was still far from emerging in the 19th century, Andre Citroen would have probably liked it. The founder of the famous avant-garde French car workshops shared a lot of the attitude that the punk-wave brought forward much later: he was a revolutionary. As US-based punk group Antiflag raised 'A New Kind of Army' with the release of one of their discs, so did Citroen within the automotive industry.

Born in 1878, Andre Citroen was the son of a wealthy diamond Dutch merchant. Upon completing his high-school years, young Andre had already become charmed by technology, a passion that he had first felt at the age of 10 when he discovered the writings of Jules Verne. At the age of 20, he enrolled at the Polytechnical school in Paris, having fully embraced the idea of becoming an engineer.

The years of study paid off and, after having worked for a time with the car company 'Mors', he moved forward to establishing his own company. 'Andre Citroen&Cie' was founded in 1905. Andre was only 27 at the time.

By 1913 the company had changed its name into 'Societe des Engrenages Citroen' (Citroen Cog Factory). The same year the visionary engineer founded another company mainly focused on developing carburetors based on a patent he had earlier obtained. Fascinated by the working methods of Henry Hord, he paid a visit to his assembly lines in the US, where he carefully analyzed the logical steps that had been taken in organizing such a working place.

Having seen the process and being fueled by his own desire of making cars, Citroen would deliver his first automobile in 1919, shortly after the end of World War I. Having shared a fate similar to other car builders, Citroen had to covert its assembly lines to cate for the need of arms and ammunition during wartime. It was during this period that he started thinking about the things that he would do after the war will have been over.

The first car produced by his factory was simply named Type A, a vehicle powered by a 4-cylinder 1326 cc engine that could propel the car to a speed of 40.4 mph (65 km/h). The main advantage of the model A was its versatility as, except its chassis and engine, everything was custom made or could be chosen directly from the factory out of a wide range of options, including body types and spare wheels.

Another great thing about the model A was its affordable price. These two juxtaposed traits led to an overall positive reception of the vehicle. In only 6 months after its release the Type A sold 2,500 units. By next year, 1920, Citroen had already produced almost 10 times more cars.

1920 brought along a series of technological improvements, many of which would later become labels of the Citroen marque. Having paid interest to the area of road-building vehicles and military equipment, Citroen experimented with the half-tracks which he called 'Autochenilles'.

By 1921 Citroen had gained enough popularity to become an element of the Parisian lifestyle. The first Citroen Taxis appear, followed by the release of a newer car model, the Type C, a lighter more compact but less powerful vehicle than its predecessor, the type A. This particular vehicle was also available in a three seater version called 'Le Trefle' (Clover Leaf) which garnered a lot of acclaim.

More advanced models would be introduced years later, such as as the B12 in 1925 and the B14 in 1927. Right before the beginning of the 30's, Citroen would introduce the C4 and the C6, the latter having been an important achievement for the French constructor as it was both his first 6-cylinder car and the first to reach 62 mph.
Unlike tis competitors at the time, Citroen made use of vast advertising campaigns as well as elaborate and lengthy publicity crusades. Airplanes could be seen scribbling the name Citroen over Paris in 1922nd three years later citizens could read the same message on the Eiffel Tower, written in light. To get an idea of Citroen's costly methods and almost Texan-like think-big style, 200,000 light bulbs and miles of wiring were necessary to 'Citroenize' le Tour d'Eiffel. 

His crusades to popularize the advantages of motorized vehicles are not less popular. Citroen crossed the Sahara desert for the first time in a 1922-1923 motorized expedition, covered the distance from Algeria to the southern tip of the African continent, the Cape of Good Hope via Kenya in the 1924-25  'Black Journey' and drove from Beirut to Beijing in a second endeavor  labeled as the 'Yellow Journey' that took one year to complete as well (1931-32).

Soon after Citroen's triumphant exploits, the first major technological improvements would arrive: the “Floating Power” engine that eliminated vibrations by using a rubber bolt securing method previously patented by Chrysler. World Record domination stages would soon arrive as well, Citroen having broke an amazing 106 records with their  cute-named Rosalie 8 model that covered 300,000 km  in 134 days. Thus, the cars' reliability was brought forth once more.

However, just like Nelly Furtado predicted, good things eventually came to an end. The Great Depression dropped over the company like a tidal wave of financial trouble. Luckily, a Michelin lifeguard was around and saved Citroen from drowning.

After performing CPR on Citroen, Michelin took the company under tutelage. Citroen developed further and by the mid 30's, it would unveil their greatest innovation the public: the frond wheel-drive or 'Traction Avant'. Although Citroen was not the first one to develop the system, it did boast the first FWD car to enter mass production, the Type 7.

Later on, the 22CV and the 11CV would be born. Popularity of the new traction system would exceed any expected limits heralding god times for the company. The last famous Traction model, an 11CV Familiale rolled out the factory gates in mid-summer 1957.  The 60's marked the end of the old age of Citroen and launch of a modern epoch of engineering achievements, such as the introduction of the hydro-pneumatic suspension.

Although known for their reliability, Citroen cars failed to meet the design tendencies at some point , conservatism that lead to a drastic decrease in sales. However, the effect was countered later at the beginning of the 90's when Citroen models took rounder and smoother shapes. New models and reinvention of older ones have assured the company's success so far and the brand is still regarded to be a purveyor of fine vehicles for over 75 years.
expand

production models:
sort:yearname
CITROEN C3 Aircross specs and photos

CITROEN C3 Aircross

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2021 - present
CITROEN C4 Cactus specs and photos

CITROEN C4 Cactus

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2018 - 2020
CITROEN C3 specs and photos

CITROEN C3

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Natural gas

7 generations

2019 - present
CITROEN E-Mehari specs and photos

CITROEN E-Mehari

convertibles

Electric

2 generations

2018 - present
CITROEN Berlingo specs and photos

CITROEN Berlingo

vans

Natural gas · Gasoline · Diesel

7 generations

2018 - present
CITROEN C4 Picasso specs and photos

CITROEN C4 Picasso

vans

Diesel · Gasoline

4 generations

2016 - present
CITROEN Grand C4 Picasso specs and photos

CITROEN Grand C4 Picasso

vans

Diesel · Gasoline

3 generations

2016 - present
CITROEN C1 3 Doors specs and photos

CITROEN C1 3 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

2014 - present
CITROEN C1 5 Doors specs and photos

CITROEN C1 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

2014 - present
CITROEN C5 Estate specs and photos

CITROEN C5 Estate

wagons

Diesel · Gasoline

4 generations

2010 - present
CITROEN DS5 specs and photos

CITROEN DS5

hatchbacks

Diesel · Gasoline · Hybrid diesel

1 generation

2011 - present
CITROEN C4 specs and photos

CITROEN C4

suvs

Electric · Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2022 - present
CITROEN C5 X specs and photos

CITROEN C5 X

suvs

Gasoline · Hybrid gasoline

1 generation

2021 - present
CITROEN AMI specs and photos

CITROEN AMI

coupes

Electric

1 generation

2020 - present
CITROEN C-Elysee specs and photos

CITROEN C-Elysee

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2013 - present
CITROEN DS4 specs and photos

CITROEN DS4

hatchbacks

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2010 - present
CITROEN C5 Aircross specs and photos

CITROEN C5 Aircross

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid gasoline

1 generation

2018 - present
CITROEN C-Zero specs and photos

CITROEN C-Zero

hatchbacks

Electric

1 generation

2010 - present
CITROEN C5 Crosstourer specs and photos

CITROEN C5 Crosstourer

wagons

Diesel

1 generation

2014 - present
 
discontinued models:
sort:yearname
CITROEN 2CV specs and photos

CITROEN 2CV

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1949 - 1990
CITROEN AX 3 Doors specs and photos

CITROEN AX 3 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1991 - 1998
CITROEN AX 5 Doors specs and photos

CITROEN AX 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1991 - 1998
CITROEN Axel specs and photos

CITROEN Axel

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1985 - 1989
CITROEN BX specs and photos

CITROEN BX

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1989 - 1993
CITROEN BX Break specs and photos

CITROEN BX Break

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1989 - 1994
CITROEN C-Crosser specs and photos

CITROEN C-Crosser

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2007 - 2012
CITROEN C2 specs and photos

CITROEN C2

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

2008 - 2010
CITROEN C3 Picasso specs and photos

CITROEN C3 Picasso

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2013 - 2017
CITROEN C3 Pluriel specs and photos

CITROEN C3 Pluriel

convertibles

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2003 - 2010
CITROEN C4 Aircross specs and photos

CITROEN C4 Aircross

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2012 - 2017
CITROEN C4 Coupe specs and photos

CITROEN C4 Coupe

coupes

Gasoline · Diesel · Natural gas

2 generations

2008 - 2010
CITROEN C4 Hatchback specs and photos

CITROEN C4 Hatchback

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

2010 - 2013
CITROEN C4 Sedan specs and photos

CITROEN C4 Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2007 - 2012
CITROEN C5 Liftback specs and photos

CITROEN C5 Liftback

hatchbacks

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2004 - 2008
CITROEN C5 Sedan specs and photos

CITROEN C5 Sedan

sedans

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2010 - 2017
CITROEN C6 specs and photos

CITROEN C6

hatchbacks

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2005 - 2012
CITROEN C8 specs and photos

CITROEN C8

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2008 - 2014
CITROEN CX specs and photos

CITROEN CX

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1985 - 1989
CITROEN CX Break specs and photos

CITROEN CX Break

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1985 - 1991
CITROEN DS specs and photos

CITROEN DS

sedans

Gasoline

6 generations

1974 - 1976
CITROEN DS3 specs and photos

CITROEN DS3

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2009 - 2014
CITROEN Dyane specs and photos

CITROEN Dyane

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1969 - 1983
CITROEN Evasion specs and photos

CITROEN Evasion

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1998 - 2002
CITROEN GSA specs and photos

CITROEN GSA

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1979 - 1986
CITROEN LNA specs and photos

CITROEN LNA

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1978 - 1984
CITROEN Nemo specs and photos

CITROEN Nemo

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2008 - 2015
CITROEN Saxo 3 doors specs and photos

CITROEN Saxo 3 doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1998 - 2003
CITROEN Saxo 5 doors specs and photos

CITROEN Saxo 5 doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1998 - 2002
CITROEN SM specs and photos

CITROEN SM

hatchbacks

Gasoline

2 generations

1970 - 1975
CITROEN Traction specs and photos

CITROEN Traction

sedans

Gasoline

7 generations

1939 - 1957
CITROEN Visa specs and photos

CITROEN Visa

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1981 - 1988
CITROEN Visa Decouvrable specs and photos

CITROEN Visa Decouvrable

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

1984 - 1985
CITROEN Xantia specs and photos

CITROEN Xantia

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1998 - 2001
CITROEN Xantia Break specs and photos

CITROEN Xantia Break

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1998 - 2001
CITROEN XM specs and photos

CITROEN XM

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1997 - 2000
CITROEN XM Break specs and photos

CITROEN XM Break

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1997 - 2000
CITROEN Xsara specs and photos

CITROEN Xsara

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2000 - 2004
CITROEN Xsara Break specs and photos

CITROEN Xsara Break

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2000 - 2005
CITROEN Xsara Coupe specs and photos

CITROEN Xsara Coupe

coupes

Diesel · Gasoline

3 generations

2000 - 2003
CITROEN Xsara Picasso specs and photos

CITROEN Xsara Picasso

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2004 - 2012
CITROEN ZX 3 Doors specs and photos

CITROEN ZX 3 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1996 - 1997
CITROEN ZX 5 Doors specs and photos

CITROEN ZX 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1996 - 1997
CITROEN ZX Break specs and photos

CITROEN ZX Break

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1996 - 1998