autoevolution
RENAULT logo

32 production models

32 discontinued models

history
A business started by 3 brothers in France in 1899, has turned decades later into a very profitable business, considering that now Renault is the 4th largest automaker in the world thanks to its partnership with Nissan.

The brainchild of an enthusiastic engineer named Louis Renault, the company was created in association with his two brothers who ran the financial side while he took care of the “mechanics”. From the very beginning, Louis managed to show innovation when he invented and later patented a direct drive system on his De Dion-Bouton tricycle which he already turned into a four-wheel vehicle.

Louis also understood that it would be only through racing that he would make the Renault name known to the world so he entered his vehicles in city-to-city races where his brothers acted as drivers. A number of victories earned them the notoriety they were searching for. People watching the races made orders despite the fact the cars were expensive for the time.

The company quickly developed and set up shop by the Seine. The model line-up now had several models, including the first saloon in 1902. That was also the year that Louis designed his first engine, a four-cylinder, which gave out 24 HP.

In 1903, Marcel, one of the Renault brothers died in the Paris to Madrid race in a crash, a hard blow both for the company and for Louis who would now assign professional drivers to race for Renault. Instead, he focused on bringing Renault carts to more European markets and even over to the Americas.

As the gap between the United States and Europe widened because of the war and the economic crash, Renault sought to improve production and to lower costs. After the economic crisis, he wanted to become more autonomous and started buying all sorts of businesses that provided him with the materials and parts needed to make cars. He also modernized the factory, emulating Ford and his plant, introducing assembly plants in 1922.

During the economic crash of the 30s, all car manufacturers had to suffer and Renault was no exception. The company was forced to cut costs, reduce staff and become more efficient in production. That's why it started expanding into other areas, basically building anything with a motor attached to it. Busses, lorries, electric railcars, tractors and even airplane engines, all were now coming out of the Renault plant.

With worker strikes plaguing all of the country, Renault was nationalized by the government in 1945 in order to keep it from going bankrupt like Citroen had done some years before. The first project made by the new company was the small 4CV, but it was postponed until after WWII. For the European market, small cars were the future because they were cheap to buy and maintain.

The 4CV, introduced in 1946, proved to be a major success, much larger than initially expected. With the money the company made from sales, it bought and developed heavy machinery to help with production. Renault then turned again to the heavy goods sector and by merging two existent companies, Latil and Somua, they created a new company, completely dedicated to making trucks – Saviem.

As the 4CV aged, a new model was ready to surface, the Dauphine, which appeared in 1956. It too enjoyed great success, even in the US. In fact, it was so successful over the ocean that Renault had to setup a special transport company, CAT, to accommodate the high demand. Next, the Renault 4 and the Renault 8 took over where the Dauphine left off in 1961.

Renault started the 70s with another success, the sportier and more agile Renault 5, which owed its favorable welcome to its fuel efficiency during the oil crisis. But this didn't mean that the company was safe during these turbulent times. In a bid to retake the American market, Renault started assembling Rambler complete knock down kits and marketing them as Renault Ramblers.

Also during the 70s, Renault began expanding its influence and opened up plants in Eastern Europe, Africa and even Australia. The partnership with the American AMC company came in 1979. At the beginning of the 80s, Renault found itself in financial trouble again and the chairman of the company at the time decided to pul the company out of racing altogether, as well as selling all non-essential assets and cutting costs left and right.

The good news was that by 1987 the company began turning the balance in favor of profit, so that at the beginning of the 90s, a whole new line-up was released on the market and all models proved successful: the new Clio, the new Espace, Twingo and the Laguna. The 1995 Renault Megane was the first car ever to achieve a four-star rating at the Euro NCAP safety tests.

Also during the 90s, Renault returned to Formula 1 racing and with success nonetheless, having won the Championship in 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997. In 1996 it was decided that a state-owned status of the company would not benefit in the long run so it was privatized again. Renault made further investments in Brazil, Argentina and Turkey.

After 2000, it launched a series of less successful vehicles like the Avantime and the Vel Satis, but also continued successfully with older series like the Clio, Laguna and Megane. Now the government owns 15,7% of the company, which has since bought Romanian car manufactures Dacia and the South Korean Samsung not to mention 20% of Volvo (latest rumors say that Renault is interesting in a total buy out).
expand

production models:
sort:yearname
RENAULT Kangoo specs and photos

RENAULT Kangoo

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

7 generations

2020 - present
RENAULT Megane Sedan specs and photos

RENAULT Megane Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

6 generations

2020 - present
RENAULT Megane Estate specs and photos

RENAULT Megane Estate

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid

8 generations

2020 - present
RENAULT Megane 5 Doors specs and photos

RENAULT Megane 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid

16 generations

2020 - present
RENAULT Espace specs and photos

RENAULT Espace

vans

Diesel · Gasoline

10 generations

2019 - present
RENAULT Clio 5 Doors specs and photos

RENAULT Clio 5 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid

8 generations

2019 - present
RENAULT Captur specs and photos

RENAULT Captur

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Liquefied petroleum gas (lpg) · Hybrid gasoline

3 generations

2019 - present
RENAULT Koleos specs and photos

RENAULT Koleos

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline

5 generations

2019 - present
RENAULT ZOE specs and photos

RENAULT ZOE

hatchbacks

Electric

2 generations

2019 - present
RENAULT Talisman specs and photos

RENAULT Talisman

sedans

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2019 - present
RENAULT Talisman Estate specs and photos

RENAULT Talisman Estate

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2019 - present
RENAULT Twingo specs and photos

RENAULT Twingo

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Electric

7 generations

2019 - present
RENAULT Kadjar specs and photos

RENAULT Kadjar

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2018 - present
RENAULT Scenic specs and photos

RENAULT Scenic

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

7 generations

2016 - present
RENAULT Grand Scenic specs and photos

RENAULT Grand Scenic

vans

Diesel · Gasoline · Hybrid

5 generations

2016 - present
RENAULT Megane Cabriolet specs and photos

RENAULT Megane Cabriolet

convertibles

Gasoline · Diesel

6 generations

2014 - present
RENAULT Clio RS specs and photos

RENAULT Clio RS

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

2013 - present
RENAULT Austral specs and photos

RENAULT Austral

suvs

Hybrid gasoline

1 generation

2022 - present
RENAULT City K-ZE specs and photos

RENAULT City K-ZE

suvs

Electric

1 generation

2019 - present
RENAULT Kiger specs and photos

RENAULT Kiger

suvs

Gasoline

1 generation

2021 - present
RENAULT Pulse specs and photos

RENAULT Pulse

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2011 - present
RENAULT Arkana specs and photos

RENAULT Arkana

suvs

Gasoline · Hybrid gasoline

2 generations

2021 - present
RENAULT Megane E-Tech specs and photos

RENAULT Megane E-Tech

hatchbacks

Electric

1 generation

2021 - present
RENAULT Sandero specs and photos

RENAULT Sandero

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

2012 - present
RENAULT Logan specs and photos

RENAULT Logan

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

2014 - present
RENAULT SCENIC XMOD specs and photos

RENAULT SCENIC XMOD

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2013 - present
RENAULT Kwid specs and photos

RENAULT Kwid

suvs

Gasoline

1 generation

2015 - present
RENAULT Laguna Coupe specs and photos

RENAULT Laguna Coupe

coupes

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2008 - present
RENAULT Triber specs and photos

RENAULT Triber

vans

Gasoline

1 generation

2019 - present
RENAULT Alaskan specs and photos

RENAULT Alaskan

trucks

Diesel

1 generation

2016 - present
RENAULT Twizy specs and photos

RENAULT Twizy

hatchbacks

Electric

1 generation

2012 - present
RENAULT Latitude specs and photos

RENAULT Latitude

sedans

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2010 - present
 
discontinued models:
sort:yearname
RENAULT 11 specs and photos

RENAULT 11

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1983 - 1986
RENAULT 12 specs and photos

RENAULT 12

sedans

Gasoline

3 generations

1970 - 1980
RENAULT 14 specs and photos

RENAULT 14

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1976 - 1983
RENAULT 16 specs and photos

RENAULT 16

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1965 - 1980
RENAULT 18 specs and photos

RENAULT 18

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1979 - 1984
RENAULT 19 specs and photos

RENAULT 19

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

7 generations

1992 - 1996
RENAULT 20 specs and photos

RENAULT 20

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1975 - 1984
RENAULT 21 specs and photos

RENAULT 21

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

1989 - 1994
RENAULT 25 specs and photos

RENAULT 25

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1988 - 1992
RENAULT 30 specs and photos

RENAULT 30

hatchbacks

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

1979 - 1984
RENAULT 4 CV specs and photos

RENAULT 4 CV

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1947 - 1961
RENAULT 5 specs and photos

RENAULT 5

hatchbacks

Gasoline

3 generations

1980 - 1984
RENAULT 8 specs and photos

RENAULT 8

sedans

Gasoline

2 generations

1964 - 1971
RENAULT 9 specs and photos

RENAULT 9

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1986 - 1988
RENAULT Alpine specs and photos

RENAULT Alpine

coupes

Gasoline

2 generations

1991 - 1994
RENAULT Avantime specs and photos

RENAULT Avantime

coupes

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2001 - 2003
RENAULT Clio 3 Doors specs and photos

RENAULT Clio 3 Doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

10 generations

2009 - 2013
RENAULT Clio Estate specs and photos

RENAULT Clio Estate

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

4 generations

2016 - 2019
RENAULT Clio Symbol / Thalia specs and photos

RENAULT Clio Symbol / Thalia

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

2008 - 2013
RENAULT Fluence specs and photos

RENAULT Fluence

sedans

Diesel · Gasoline · Electric

3 generations

2013 - 2016
RENAULT Fuego specs and photos

RENAULT Fuego

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1980 - 1985
RENAULT Grand Modus specs and photos

RENAULT Grand Modus

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2008 - 2012
RENAULT Laguna specs and photos

RENAULT Laguna

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

6 generations

2010 - 2016
RENAULT Laguna Estate specs and photos

RENAULT Laguna Estate

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

6 generations

2010 - 2016
RENAULT Megane Coupe specs and photos

RENAULT Megane Coupe

coupes

Gasoline · Diesel

12 generations

2014 - 2017
RENAULT Modus specs and photos

RENAULT Modus

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2008 - 2012
RENAULT Safrane specs and photos

RENAULT Safrane

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1996 - 2000
RENAULT Scala specs and photos

RENAULT Scala

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2012 - 2017
RENAULT Spider specs and photos

RENAULT Spider

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

1996 - 1998
RENAULT Twingo RS specs and photos

RENAULT Twingo RS

hatchbacks

Gasoline

2 generations

2011 - 2013
RENAULT Vel Satis specs and photos

RENAULT Vel Satis

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2005 - 2009
RENAULT Wind specs and photos

RENAULT Wind

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

2010 - 2013