autoevolution

BRISTOL 405 1955-1958

Body style: Coupé (two-door)
Segment: Exotic
Production years: 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958

A long time before the four-door coupe vehicles were a fashion, a British car-maker introduced a sloped back, four-door sedan. It was the Bristol 405 drop-head.

After the successful Bristol 404 coupe, the British car-maker decided to offer a four-door version for that vehicle. Since the car was a body-on-frame construction, it was easier to build a longer bodywork based on an extended chassis.

The car was styled by former aircraft engineers. It was sloped and aerodynamic. The front end featured two round headlights incorporated in the front fenders and a third headlamp installed in the grille. Up to the B-pillars, it looked similar to the 404 coupe, but afterward, a pair of doors were added. The 405 was available in two forms - the more common four-door sedan and a much rarer 405 drophead coupe. The latter had a body built by Abbotts of Farnham in 42 units.

The interior featured an instrument panel with seven dials and a two-spoke steering wheel. Apart from a few details, all the cabin was garnished with leather and wood. With its wide front seats, it offered comfort for their occupants, but the rear bench didn't offer too much legroom or headroom.

For the four-door drophead coupe, the car was fitted with a special, 2.0-liter engine that offered 125 hp, which was a lot in 1955. The standard version offered only 105 hp. It was mated to a 4-speed manual.

BRISTOL 405 1955-1958 13 Photos
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BRISTOL 405 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958
  1 gasoline engine
  • 2.0L 5MT (107 HP)
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brochures (download)
BRISTOL 405 Brochure

BRISTOL 405 2.0L 5MT (107 HP)

ENGINE SPECS  –  2.0L 5MT (107 HP)
Cylinders
L6
Displacement
1971 cm3
Power
78 KW @ 5000 RPM
107 HP @ 5000 RPM
105 BHP @ 5000 RPM
Torque
124 lb-ft @ 3750 RPM
168 Nm @ 3750 RPM
Fuel System
3 Carburetors
Fuel
Gasoline
PERFORMANCE SPECS
Top Speed
110 mph (177 km/h)
Acceleration 0-62 Mph (0-100 kph)
14.6 s
TRANSMISSION SPECS
Drive Type
Rear Wheel Drive
Gearbox
5-speed manual
BRAKES SPECS
Front
Drums
Rear
Drums
TIRES SPECS
Tire Size
6.00 - 16
DIMENSIONS
Length
189.3 in (4808 mm)
Width
68 in (1727 mm)
Height
57.5 in (1461 mm)
Front/rear Track
52.4/54 in (1,331/1,372 mm)
Wheelbase
114 in (2896 mm)
Ground Clearance
6.5 in (165 mm)
Aerodynamics (Cd)
0.4
WEIGHT SPECS
Unladen Weight
2712 lbs (1230 kg)
FUEL ECONOMY (NEDC)
Combined
21.4 mpg US (11 L/100Km)
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