Adolf Hitler had a very important role in the Autobahn expansion as he developed a special construction plan aimed at creating a high-speed highway for military purposes. Under the "Law on the Establishment of a 'Reichsautobahn' Enterprise" (Gesetz über die Errichtung eines Unternehmens "Reichsautobahnen" – in German), more than 100,000 workers were appointed to start the construction of the highway all over Germany. Put on hold by several disputes between German officials, the Autobahn opened its first high-speed road network in 1935, linking Frankfurt am Main and Darmstadt.
This portion was often used by race drivers to test high-speed prototypes, including Mercedes Benz Grand Prix team, until the death of Bernd Rosemeyer, who attempted to beat the world speed record. Rosemeyer lost control of the car and, under the strong pressure of the wind, he was thrown out of the car and crashed on the roadside.
During World War II, certain areas of the highway were paved to serve as alternative airports despite the fact that the Autobahn has never played a significant role during the war.
Once the war was over, the German authorities started a major restructuring plan aimed at repairing the damaged regions and construct new sections to increase the overall length of the highway. But even so, the Autobahn expansion took way longer than expected, with certain parts of the roads never completed as more advantageous routes (from both economically and distance points of views) were developed.
Speed limits and traffic regulationsDespite the fact that it is usually known as a no-speed-limit highway, the Autobahn is mostly based on dynamic street regulations that change the maximum allowed speed by a number of factors, including weather, traffic conditions and vehicle type.
In short terms, the dynamic speed limits vary between 80 and 130 km/h (50-80 mph) but can go as low as 60 km/h (37 mph) in construction zones. In addition, the authorities have also imposed a set of new rules during nighttime and rain for all types of vehicles. However, there’s always the recommended speed of 130 km/h (81 mph) even in areas without specific speed regulations. An interesting aspect is that in case a driver exceeds this limit and is involved in a car accident, he may become responsible for all damages even if he’s not the one causing the crash.
Vehicles with maximum speeds lower that 60 km/h are strictly prohibited on the Autobahn. This is why certain carmakers designed new models with top speeds rated at 62 km/h, just to gain access to the freeway and travel across Germany faster than on regular roads.
Another thing worth mentioning is the 250 km/h maximum speed limit most large German automakers implemented on their vehicles which, according to various sources, was especially introduced due to the risk of tire failures or dangerous maneuvers made by inexperienced drivers at very high speeds. Nevertheless, speeds exceeding 300 km/h are often seen on the Autobahn, as owners of aftermarket and customized models travel to Germany especially to test their cars on the highway.
And such figures occur despite the fact that the Autobahn is one of the most crowded roads in central Europe. Statistics show that in 2004, vehicles travelling across Germany on the highway made approximately 218.9 billion kilometers, with 50,000 motorists entering the Autobahn every day. Unfortunately, this can only lead to traffic jams which are pretty natural for Germans especially on Fridays and Sundays and in under-construction areas.
Talking about the Autobahn can take forever so, as a conclusion, here are some of the most important facts regarding the German highway (feel free to add new ones), followed by a thrilling photo gallery showing you the most impressive panoramas with the Autobahn. So, did you know that…
- The first section of the Autobahn during the 20s and was named "Reichsautobahn" (Freeways of the Reich)?
- There are two different emergency phone types on the highway (older ones with covers and handle and newer ones with external speakerphones)?
- An English dispatcher is always expecting your emergency call?
- All direction signs on the Autobahn are white on blue?
- The Autobahn has more than 700 service centers opened 24 hours a day?
- Passing on the right side of the highway is strictly prohibited?
- Stopping, turning and parking are strictly forbidden, except for emergencies?
- In case of an accident you have to move to the emergency lane and place the triangle at 200 meters?
- During traffic jams, motorists on the left lane must move to the left as much as possible while those on the right must move to right in order to allow emergency vehicles to pass?
- Last vehicles in a traffic jam turn on their hazard lights in order to request approaching motorists to slow down?
- The Autobahn is made of freeze-resistant concrete?
- The emergency phones are installed every 2 kilometers?