autoevolution
SUBARU logo

11 production models

15 discontinued models

history
Subaru actually means “unite” and it refers to the six stars on the logo that stand for the 6 companies that are united under the FHI group. The largest of the stars represents Fuji Heavy Industries. The company started out in 1917 in Japan as a aircraft research laboratory but soon moved to producing airplanes.

After WWII, the company created a scooter, the Fuji Rabbit with the spare parts from airplanes. Pretty soon, the company split up into different business that manufactured scooters, coaches, engines and chassis. Then CEO Kenji Kita decided that it would be a good idea to get involved in car making and pretty soon the first Subaru car was created, the Subaru 1500 (1954).

The 1500 or P1 was followed by the 360 in 1958, the Sambar in 1961, the 1000 in 1965, gthe 1100 and the R2 in 1969. During the 70s, the Leone came out and then later, in the 80s, the Alcyclone (1985) and the Legacy (1989) were added to the Subaru line-up.

Slowly, in the 90s, the company moved away from the manufacture of small vehicles and concentrated on rally cars, such as the Vivio and Impreza. Different versions of the Impreza WRX won the world championship several times under drivers such as Colin McRae.

Using the technology from the aeronautical industry, Subaru employed many successful inventions in the automotive industry. One of the first was the us of horizontally opposed “boxer” engines as well as the use of monocoque construction. Also, Subaru is the only car manufacturer to offer all-wheel drive as a standard on most of its models. The Japanese manufacturer was also the first to introduce electronic continuously variable transmission (ECTV) which replaces standard gears and gives smooth acceleration while reducing emissions and fuel consumption.

Subaru also takes a keen interest in environmental protection, having achieved an odd  record: 0 landfill status for their plant in Lafayette, Indiana which means that the factory generates no trash. Also, the company has an extensive recycling program for its own cars, not to mention the program for hybrid and fuel efficient cars.
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production models:
sort:yearname
SUBARU Impreza specs and photos

SUBARU Impreza

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid gasoline

14 generations

1993 - present
SUBARU Ascent specs and photos

SUBARU Ascent

suvs

Gasoline

2 generations

2019 - present
SUBARU Legacy specs and photos

SUBARU Legacy

sedans

· Gasoline · Diesel

9 generations

1999 - present
SUBARU Outback specs and photos

SUBARU Outback

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

8 generations

1998 - present
SUBARU WRX specs and photos

SUBARU WRX

sedans

Gasoline

4 generations

2014 - present
SUBARU BRZ specs and photos

SUBARU BRZ

Gasoline

3 generations

2012 - present
SUBARU Forester specs and photos

SUBARU Forester

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline

7 generations

1997 - present
SUBARU Crosstrek specs and photos

SUBARU Crosstrek

suvs

Gasoline · Hybrid gasoline

2 generations

2015 - present
SUBARU Levorg specs and photos

SUBARU Levorg

wagons

Gasoline

1 generation

2014 - present
SUBARU Solterra specs and photos

SUBARU Solterra

suvs

Electric

1 generation

2021 - present
SUBARU Exiga Liberty specs and photos

SUBARU Exiga Liberty

wagons

Gasoline

1 generation

2008 - present
 
discontinued models:
sort:yearname
SUBARU 360 specs and photos

SUBARU 360

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1958 - 1971
SUBARU Baja specs and photos

SUBARU Baja

trucks

Gasoline

1 generation

2003 - 2006
SUBARU Impreza WRX STi specs and photos

SUBARU Impreza WRX STi

sedans

Gasoline

5 generations

1998 - 2014
SUBARU Justy specs and photos

SUBARU Justy

hatchbacks

Gasoline

6 generations

1989 - 2016
SUBARU Legacy Wagon specs and photos

SUBARU Legacy Wagon

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

5 generations

1998 - 2014
SUBARU Liberty specs and photos

SUBARU Liberty

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

2008 - 2015
SUBARU Mini Jumbo specs and photos

SUBARU Mini Jumbo

hatchbacks

Gasoline

2 generations

1988 - 1992
SUBARU R1 specs and photos

SUBARU R1

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

2005 - 2010
SUBARU R2 specs and photos

SUBARU R2

hatchbacks

Gasoline

2 generations

1969 - 2010
SUBARU Stella specs and photos

SUBARU Stella

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

2006 - 2011
SUBARU SVX specs and photos

SUBARU SVX

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1992 - 1997
SUBARU Trezia specs and photos

SUBARU Trezia

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2010 - 2014
SUBARU Tribeca specs and photos

SUBARU Tribeca

suvs

Gasoline

2 generations

2005 - 2013
SUBARU Vivio specs and photos

SUBARU Vivio

hatchbacks

Gasoline

2 generations

1992 - 2000
SUBARU XV specs and photos

SUBARU XV

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

2012 - 2015