Segment: Luxury
Production years: 1960, 1961

MERCEDES BENZ Typ 300 "Spezial" Pullman (W189) 1960-1961 3 Photos
MERCEDES BENZ Typ 300 "Spezial" Pullman (W189) (1960-1961)MERCEDES BENZ Typ 300 "Spezial" Pullman (W189) (1960-1961)MERCEDES BENZ Typ 300 "Spezial" Pullman (W189) (1960-1961)

Mercedes-Benz built the Typ 300 in just four units and only one as a closed vehicle, which the carmaker rented to government officials.

The German carmaker introduced the Typ 300 at the first Frankfurt International Motor Show in 1951. It received several updates in 1954, 1955, and finally in 1957 when the Typ 300 received a new internal designation code, W189, instead of the previously used W186. After these developments, in 1960, Mercedes-Benz built four special vehicles based on the long-wheelbase versions of the Typ 300. Two landaulets, a four-door sedan, and a two-door sedan. One of the open-top versions was delivered to Pope John XXIII in December 1960, while the other three remained in the factory. The second landaulet and the four-door sedan were rented for government or other parties, while the two-door sedan was kept as a measuring car.

The 300 Pullman sedan looked like a regular Type 300 with a long wheelbase up to the beltline. Its flared arches and round headlights were shared with the rest of the range and the tall and narrow radiator grille. The greenhouse, on the other hand, showed a taller stance with a steep windshield. The rear doors were taller and featured an extension that cut into the roof area. Above the car, a large sunroof allowed the rear passenger to stand up and wave to the crowd. It was the car used by the former German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in state-official visits.

Inside, the carmaker installed two individual seats at the front and a flat dashboard from the W189 lineup. A partition wall separated the driver from the rear seat compartment, with a rolling-down window. There were only two seats on the bench in the back. Mercedes used only expensive materials, wood veneers and leather upholstery.

Under the hood was a fuel-injected, inline-six engine paired with a three-speed automatic gearbox.

MERCEDES BENZ Typ 300 "Spezial" Pullman (W189) 1960, 1961
  1 gasoline engine
  • 300 d

MERCEDES BENZ Typ 300 "Spezial" Pullman (W189)
300 d

Displacement:2996 cm3
Power:118 KW @ 5300 RPM
160 HP @ 5300 RPM
158 BHP @ 5300 RPM
Torque:177 lb-ft @ 4200 RPM
240 Nm @ 4200 RPM
Fuel System:Mechanical Injection
Drive Type:Rear Wheel Drive
Gearbox:Automatic, 3 Speed
Front:Ventilated Drums
Rear:Ventilated Drums
Length:222 in (5639 mm)
Width:78.5 in (1994 mm)
Height:67.7 in (1720 mm)
Front/rear Track:58.3/60 in (1,481/1,524 mm)
Wheelbase:141.7 in (3599 mm)
Unladen Weight:5214 lbs (2365 kg)
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