autoevolution
VOLVO logo

12 production models

38 discontinued models

history
AB Volvo is a world-leading Swedish manufacturer of commercial vehicles, trucks, buses and construction equipment, drive systems for marine and industrial applications, aerospace components and financial services. But it did start out as a car manufacturer, founded by Assar Gabrielsson and Gustaf Larsson. The main purpose of the company was to produce the safest cars possible, following the death of Assar's wife in a car crash. The automaker was founded April 14, 1927 in the city of Gothenburg, as a spin-off from roller ball bearing maker SKF (Svenska Kullagerfabriken AB).

The name Volvo was originally registered in May 1915 as a separate company within SKF AB and as a registered trademark with the intention to be used for a special series of ball bearing, but this idea was only used for a short period of time and SKF decided to use "SKF" as the trademark for all its bearing products. Volvo AB began to function on the 10th of August 1926 when the SKF Sales Manager Assar Gabrielsson and Engineer Gustav Larson, started production of 10 prototypes and set up the car-manufacturing business Volvo AB within SKF group. Volvo AB was introduced at the Stockholm stock exchange in 1935 and SKF then decided to sell its shares in the company.

The first series produced Volvo automobile, called 'ÖV4' left the factory on 14 April 1927. Just 996 cars were produced between 1927-1929. 'ÖV4' was replaced by model PV651 in April 1929. Its success on the market helped Volvo buy out their engine manufacturer and thus become a serious car producer. By 1931, it was already returning its first dividend to shareholders.

After it reached a production milestone of 10,000 cars in May 1932, Volvo then targeted a new demographic segment, aiming to make their cars cheaper, a car “for the people”. This was going to be the PV 51 which came out in 1936 which was a smaller version of the PV36.

The PV444 was one of the most significant cars of the war era, the first true small car, a mixture of American flair and European size, it {ad}would become a resonant success and the best sold model throughout the 60s. The P1800 was Volvo's first sports car, made in the early 60s and it was so popular that it was featured in the hit TV series “The Saint” starring Roger Moore.

Safety and quality were still paramount for Volvo and that's why the 240 series which replaced the 140 had even more safety innovations in that department, like crumple zones, rear facing child seats and collapsible steering columns. Together with the smaller 340 models, they would make for most of the sales during the 70s and 80s for Volvo.

The 90s brought with them a totally new model, the 850, a front-wheel drive, executive car which won numerous awards for handling and safety features. By now, productions costs were mounting up and Volvo was one of the few independent producers out there, after a proposed deal with Renault fell through in 1993. This forced the company to seek new marketing strategies and that's how the sleeker S40 and V40 models were introduced in the factory's production line.

The new models brought a breath of fresh air, just like the C70 coupe and convertible, which are responsible for revitalizing the Volvo image while keeping in tune with the old tradition of safety and quality.

The buyout of Volvo Cars was announced on January 28, 1998. Until then, Volvo Cars was owned by AB Volvo (the commercial vehicles group). In the following year acquisition for Volvo Cars by American car maker Ford Motor Co. was completed at a price of $6.45 billion USD. Volvo used the funds from the sale of the automobile division to finance the purchase of Scania, another leading Swedish truck manufacturer, but the deal was stopped for competition reasons by the European Union. Instead Volvo acquired the commercial vehicles division of French Renault and the American truck manufacturer Mack Trucks (which was owned by Renault at the time). As part of the arangement to buy Renault Trucks, the former parent company, Renault, bought in turn 20 percent in shares in AB Volvo. Among the reasons why Volvo took the initiative to sell the automobile manufacturing was the increasing development costs for new car models, coupled with the fact that it was a relatively small producer. The strategy was instead to grow as a truck manufacturer where it had a stronger market position.

Volvo Automotive's motto is "Volvo for life" attributed to the reliability and safety of their cars. Volvo means "I roll" in Latin. Combined with their company symbol, (commonly mistaken for the male symbol) which actually stands for iron ore and according to the company, represents "Rolling Strength".
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production models:
sort:yearname
VOLVO XC40 specs and photos

VOLVO XC40

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel · Electric

3 generations

2022 - present
VOLVO V90 specs and photos

VOLVO V90

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid gasoline · Hybrid

3 generations

2019 - present
VOLVO XC90 specs and photos

VOLVO XC90

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline · Hybrid

4 generations

2019 - present
VOLVO S90 specs and photos

VOLVO S90

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid

3 generations

2019 - present
VOLVO V90 Cross Country specs and photos

VOLVO V90 Cross Country

wagons

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2019 - present
VOLVO V60 specs and photos

VOLVO V60

wagons

Ethanol · Diesel · Gasoline · Hybrid · Natural gas

3 generations

2018 - present
VOLVO S60 specs and photos

VOLVO S60

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel · Ethanol · Hybrid

7 generations

2018 - present
VOLVO V60 Cross Country specs and photos

VOLVO V60 Cross Country

wagons

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2018 - present
VOLVO XC60 specs and photos

VOLVO XC60

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline · Hybrid

3 generations

2017 - present
VOLVO S60 Polestar specs and photos

VOLVO S60 Polestar

sedans

Gasoline

2 generations

2017 - present
VOLVO V60 Polestar specs and photos

VOLVO V60 Polestar

wagons

Gasoline

2 generations

2017 - present
VOLVO C40 specs and photos

VOLVO C40

suvs

Electric

2 generations

2022 - present
 
discontinued models:
sort:yearname
VOLVO 142 specs and photos

VOLVO 142

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1967 - 1974
VOLVO 144 specs and photos

VOLVO 144

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

1967 - 1974
VOLVO 145 specs and photos

VOLVO 145

wagons

Gasoline

1 generation

1967 - 1974
VOLVO 244 specs and photos

VOLVO 244

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1975 - 1990
VOLVO 245 specs and photos

VOLVO 245

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1975 - 1990
VOLVO 262 specs and photos

VOLVO 262

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1977 - 1981
VOLVO 264 specs and photos

VOLVO 264

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

1980 - 1982
VOLVO 265 specs and photos

VOLVO 265

wagons

Gasoline

1 generation

1980 - 1982
VOLVO 343 specs and photos

VOLVO 343

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1976 - 1982
VOLVO 345 specs and photos

VOLVO 345

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1979 - 1982
VOLVO 440 specs and photos

VOLVO 440

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1993 - 1996
VOLVO 460 specs and photos

VOLVO 460

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1993 - 1996
VOLVO 480 specs and photos

VOLVO 480

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1986 - 1995
VOLVO 66 specs and photos

VOLVO 66

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

1975 - 1981
VOLVO 760 specs and photos

VOLVO 760

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1982 - 1990
VOLVO 760 Estate specs and photos

VOLVO 760 Estate

wagons

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

1985 - 1990
VOLVO 780 specs and photos

VOLVO 780

coupes

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1986 - 1990
VOLVO 850 specs and photos

VOLVO 850

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1994 - 1997
VOLVO 850 Estate specs and photos

VOLVO 850 Estate

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1994 - 1997
VOLVO 940 specs and photos

VOLVO 940

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1990 - 1997
VOLVO 940 Estate specs and photos

VOLVO 940 Estate

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1990 - 1998
VOLVO 960 specs and photos

VOLVO 960

sedans

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

1994 - 1997
VOLVO 960 Estate specs and photos

VOLVO 960 Estate

wagons

Gasoline

1 generation

1994 - 1997
VOLVO C30 specs and photos

VOLVO C30

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Ethanol

2 generations

2009 - 2013
VOLVO C70 specs and photos

VOLVO C70

coupes

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2005 - 2013
VOLVO C70 Convertible specs and photos

VOLVO C70 Convertible

convertibles

Gasoline

1 generation

1999 - 2005
VOLVO C70 Coupe specs and photos

VOLVO C70 Coupe

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1998 - 2002
VOLVO P1800 specs and photos

VOLVO P1800

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1961 - 1973
VOLVO S40 specs and photos

VOLVO S40

sedans

Diesel · Gasoline · Hybrid

4 generations

2007 - 2012
VOLVO S60 Cross Country specs and photos

VOLVO S60 Cross Country

sedans

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2015 - 2018
VOLVO S70 specs and photos

VOLVO S70

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

1997 - 2000
VOLVO S80 specs and photos

VOLVO S80

sedans

Diesel · Gasoline · Ethanol

4 generations

2009 - 2016
VOLVO V40 specs and photos

VOLVO V40

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel · Hybrid

4 generations

2016 - 2019
VOLVO V40 Cross Country specs and photos

VOLVO V40 Cross Country

wagons

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2016 - 2019
VOLVO V50 specs and photos

VOLVO V50

wagons

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2007 - 2011
VOLVO V70 specs and photos

VOLVO V70

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel · Ethanol · Natural gas

6 generations

2007 - 2016
VOLVO XC60 Polestar specs and photos

VOLVO XC60 Polestar

suvs

Hybrid gasoline

1 generation

2018 - 2021
VOLVO XC70 specs and photos

VOLVO XC70

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

2007 - 2016