SMART fortwo Models/Series Timeline, Specifications & Photos

Generations: 6
First production year: 1998
Engines: Electric, Gasoline, Diesel, Hybrid gasoline
Body style: Hatchback
SMART EQ fortwo  photo gallery

To better prepare for the future, the final generations of smarts made exclusively under the Daimler/Mercedes-Benz is exclusively electric. Initially offered just as a powerplant option, the EQ version of the smart fortwo is the only one left after Geely bought 50 percent of smart GmbH. Future models will be offered exclusively with emission-free powertrains and will be manufactured mostly in China for the worldwide market.

The switch from gasoline and even diesel engines to an entirely electric powertrain lineup during the course of a single generation doesn't come without hurdles, but the fortwo had it covered since day one because the current model was developed from the beginning to support battery power. The EQ fortwo's electric motor is good for 82 horsepower and a healthy 160 Nm of instant torque. The separately excited synchronous motor is fitted in the rear, under the luggage space, just like on the ICE-powered fortwo, and is fed electric juice from a lithium-ion battery with a capacity of 17.6 kWh. The 96 HV cells in the battery give the model a range of up to 159 according to NEDC standards, which is more than enough for a day's worth of running errands throughout a city.

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SMART fortwo  photo gallery

The second generation of the SMART ForTwo was introduced to the market in July 2016. It was the result of a cooperation between Mercedes-Benz and the French car-maker Renault.

The SMART went a long way since its first model, which was shown in 1998 but the idea remained the same. A very short vehicle with a rear engine and rear-wheel-drive. The car was highly fuel-efficient and had a chic appearance.

From the outside, the two-box shape of the car featured the same very short front side, where some would think it was the trunk. But it wasn't. The front fascia featured a mesh-grille and a pair of headlights with an original design, unseen on other cars. The big bumper featured the fog-lights on its lower side. From the side, as in the first SMART ForTwo generation, the safety cell featured a different color than the rest of the car's panels.

Inside the car, there were two seats as usual, but with plenty of room for the occupants. An unusual design for the dashboard showed a speedometer in front of the driver and two additional gauges on top of it, in the middle. On the center stack, an optional infotainment touchscreen was installed. The small trunk space could have been extended by folding down the passenger seat seatback.

The car's qualities were not the acceleration times or the cornering speed. It was fuel-efficient and it could turn in 8.75 meters (28.7 ft) between walls. It was also, the shortest car on the European market. It was available with a manual or an automatic transmission for the gasoline engines. For the electric motor, it didn't need any gearbox.

REVIEW: 2015 Smart Fortwo   full description and technical specifications
SMART ForTwo photo gallery

A city car by definition, the Smart Fortwo was a small car with a small engine, designed for daily traffic around town.

The small Smart offered good fuel consumption as well, however, it was not the most refined city car on the market.

The 2-seat subcompact was available as a hatchback coupe or a convertible in two trim levels: Pure and Passion.

The Pure included 15-inch wheels, a leather-wrapped steering wheel and keyless entry. The base model did not offer standard air conditioning, with the feature available as a stand-alone option.

The passion trim level added the Pure’s options and included alloy wheels, a glass roof, heated power mirrors, power windows and a sportier steering wheel.

Options for the more expensive trim level included wider tires, a metallic paint, LED daytime running lights, foglight, automatic lights, automatic wipers, cruise control, heated seats, a 4-speaker upgraded audio system, a touchscreen display with navigation and Bluetooth.

The Smart was powered by a rear-mounted 1.0-liter engine with 70 hp, a powerplant that was mated with a 5-speed automatic manual transmission (single-clutch). The transmission was not the most refined.

Safety wise, the Smart was equipped with side curtain airbags, knee bolster airbags, ABS, hill-hold assist, stability control and traction control.

While the Smart was not an expensive car in its entry level model, the base model did not offer too much for the value.

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SMART ForTwo photo gallery

Smart unveiled the second generation of its micro-car in 2007 and showed its commitment to continue the struggling brand on the market, with some help from Mitsubishi.

Mercedes-Benz tried hard to keep the SMART brand alive after the Swiss company Swatch pulled back from the MCC (Micro Car Company) deal. But the Germans were determined to succeed and asked for help from Mitsubishi Motors Corporation. Together, they developed the ForTwo, which was sold only as a SMART product, and the FourFour, which was also sold as Mitsubishi Colt with a different shape but on the same platform.

The second generation of the ForTwo was longer than its predecessor. It was still short enough to fit inside a medium-sized pickup, but it was good for transporting two occupants inside. At the front, the 2007 model featured boomerang-shaped headlights above the smiling grille. There was no way how to tell where the bumper was ending, and the rest of the plastic body panels continued. All panels were removable, and the owner could just order a new set in a new color and changed the car's color with only a few tools. In the back, the ForTwo kept the split-opening system for the trunk.

Inside, the two occupants enjoyed a roomy area. Its high seating position and the big glass area around the cabin reduced any claustrophobic sensation. The new instrument cluster featured a wide speedometer in front of the driver with an LCD screen at the bottom. On the top-middle of the dash panel, SMART offered an option for a tachometer and a clock.

Under the trunk's floor, SMART offered a choice of gasoline or diesel engines and an MHD (micro-hybrid-drive) system that included a belt-driven starter-generator, which helped the car increase its fuel-efficiency.

REVIEW: SMART fortwo   full description and technical specifications
SMART ForTwo photo gallery

The smallest car from the European market, the SMART ForTwo, received a mid-life cycle impulse in 2003 for the coupe version and restyled the tiny car.

After Mercedes-Benz and Swatch watchmaker split, the German carmaker had to deal with the new brand and the MCC (Micro Car Company). Even though it knew nothing about small-sized vehicles, it pushed forward and launched the car with internal combustion engines. Swatch dropped the ball because Mercedes-Benz said that it was not a good time for an electric-only vehicle, and it was right.

On larger vehicles, it might be easier to create new lines or add further exterior details that could differentiate the refreshed version from its non-facelifted sibling. Still, on a phone-boot-sized car, it was more challenging. Still, the design team did an excellent job. There was a new pair of headlights with a shape like a tilted and skewed 8 number at the front. In the rear, the taillights sported a three-lamps system, vertically arranged on the corner, flanking the flip-down lower side of the tailgate.

Inside, SMART used a wide speedometer in front of the driver, mounted on the steering column. The carmaker offered an additional pair of dials mounted on top of the dashboard for a tachometer and a clock as an option. It was an actual analog clock.

There was a choice of three engines installed under the trunk. Mercedes-Benz upgraded all of them from their non-facelifted version. It was still the car with the smallest turbo-diesel engine in the world.

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SMART City Coupe photo gallery

Result of the cooperation between Mercedes-Benz and the Swiss watchmaker Swatch, the smart city coupe was the smallest car on the European roads, and it broke covers in 1998.

Combining advanced automotive engineering with a precision watchmaker resulted in this tiny little car that could safely carry two people in crowded European cities. The entire vehicle was based on a factor of three: it featured a safety cell called Tridion, three doors (two plus a tailgate), and three lugs on its wheels.

The egg-shaped vehicle was so short that two smarts could park in the same spot used for one vehicle. Moreover, the carmaker built the vehicle with plastic panels that could have been removed and replaced in the garage by their owner. At the front, this 8.2 ft (2,5 m long) vehicle sported a pair of headlights mounted high above the bumper to be better protected by shopping carts bumps. Its greenhouse started with a raked windshield and a set of small windows behind the B-pillars, followed by the abrupt vertical line of the tailgate. Despite the front grille on the front fascia, the engine was actually in the back, under the trunk's floor.

Even though the exterior was minimalist, the interior was quite spacious. It offered seating for two adult-sized passengers and a shelf behind them big enough to fit a narrow briefcase. The dashboard was made from plastic and showed the speedometer in a wide instrument cluster placed in front of the driver. Between the seats, the carmaker installed the gear stick and the ignition.

Under the trunk, Mercedes-Benz installed a choice of turbocharged inline-three gasoline or diesel engines. Unfortunately, the six-speed sequential gearbox was sluggish due to its unusual construction of three gears and a two-stage reduction system.

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