autoevolution
MAZDA logo

18 production models

23 discontinued models

history
Born as the Toyo Cork Kogyo Co. in 1920, Mazda started out as a machine-tool manufacturing plant but quickly turned to making vehicles. The first Mazda car, called the Mazda-Go, a three-wheeled truck appeared in 1931, which a year later began exporting to China. This was the only car that was in production until the Second World War broke out when Mazda factories began making rifles.

After the war, part of the Mazda plant served as the Hiroshima prefecture for a short while. Production and export resumed in 1949 with the same 3-wheeled truck. The first 4-wheel truck was the Mazda Romper, introduced in 1958.

The first pasenger car came in 1960, the Mazda R360 Coupe. Mazda's first partnership with a foreign company was the one in 1961 with NSU/Wankel with which it produced and developed rotary engines. This was done in order to differentiate Mazda from the other Japanese companies. To this day, Mazda is the only manufacturer of Wankel rotary engines as the other companies (NSU and Citroen) gave up on the design sometime during the 70s.

Mazda's paid off because its models quickly gained a name as being powerful yet light vehicles. The most successful series for Mazda were going to be the R100 and the RX models which eventually led to the company's development.

Starting with 1970 Mazda began eyeing the biggest market for its cars, the United States. It opened up a North American branch under the name Mazda North American Operations and it proved to have the winning recipe. In fact, Mazda models were so successful that the company even produced a pick up truck based on the rotary engine.

With 1973 and the oil crisis, the thirsty rotary engines that Mazda used caused a drop in sales but the Japanese company hadn't really given up on piston engines so it was able to use a 4 cylinder model on its cars. The smaller Familia series and Capella were born.

But Mazda wasn't about to give up on its sporty cars and it decided to develop a parallel plant that would produce cars outside the mainstream. In 1978, they came up with the very sporty RX7 and later with the RX8. The piston engine also showed up on Mazda's line up with the MX-5 or Miata.

In 1979 Ford Motor Company became an investor in Mazda with a 27% share after the financial decline of the company. Later on, in the 80s, Ford acquired 20% more of the company after a few joint ventures like using the Familia series platform for the Laser and Escort models as well as building the new Probe and the Mazda plant in Flat Rock, Michigan.

The 90s started off with another joint venture with Ford on the 1991 Explorer which turned out to be a bad investment for the Japanese while the Americans reaped all the benefits. Following its fascination with alternative engine designs, Mazda started developing the Miller cycle engine in 1995.

The latter part of the 90s proved to be not so profitable for the Japanese as the financial crisis hit in 1997, during which Ford acquired 39.9% of the company. From that point on, the collaboration between the two marques intensified, sharing engine design and even some platforms (Ford Escape with Mazda Tribute and the new generation Ford Focus with the Mazda Axela).

For the future, Mazda intends to maintain its forward thinking and experimental technology, by developing a hydrogen-powered car. The prototype has so far reached a 200 kilometers autonomy.
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production models:
sort:yearname
MAZDA 2 / Demio specs and photos

MAZDA 2 / Demio

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel · Mild hybrid

4 generations

2019 - present
MAZDA 6 / Atenza Sedan specs and photos

MAZDA 6 / Atenza Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

7 generations

2018 - present
MAZDA 3 / Axela Sedan specs and photos

MAZDA 3 / Axela Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

5 generations

2018 - present
MAZDA 3 / Axela Hatchback specs and photos

MAZDA 3 / Axela Hatchback

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

5 generations

2018 - present
MAZDA CX-3 specs and photos

MAZDA CX-3

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline

2 generations

2018 - present
MAZDA CX-5 specs and photos

MAZDA CX-5

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

2016 - present
MAZDA CX-9 specs and photos

MAZDA CX-9

suvs

Gasoline

5 generations

2016 - present
MAZDA MX-5 / Miata specs and photos

MAZDA MX-5 / Miata

convertibles

Gasoline

8 generations

2016 - present
MAZDA 6 / Atenza Wagon specs and photos

MAZDA 6 / Atenza Wagon

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

5 generations

2015 - present
MAZDA 5 / Premacy specs and photos

MAZDA 5 / Premacy

vans

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

2010 - present
MAZDA CX-60 specs and photos

MAZDA CX-60

suvs

Hybrid gasoline

1 generation

2022 - present
MAZDA Biante specs and photos

MAZDA Biante

vans

Gasoline

1 generation

2008 - present
MAZDA CX-8 specs and photos

MAZDA CX-8

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2017 - present
MAZDA Flair specs and photos

MAZDA Flair

vans

Gasoline

1 generation

2012 - present
MAZDA CX-50 specs and photos

MAZDA CX-50

suvs

Gasoline

1 generation

2021 - present
MAZDA MX-30 specs and photos

MAZDA MX-30

suvs

Electric

1 generation

2019 - present
MAZDA CX-30 specs and photos

MAZDA CX-30

suvs

Diesel · Gasoline

1 generation

2019 - present
MAZDA Verisa specs and photos

MAZDA Verisa

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

2004 - present
 
discontinued models:
sort:yearname
MAZDA 121 specs and photos

MAZDA 121

hatchbacks

Gasoline

2 generations

1991 - 1998
MAZDA 2 / Demio - 3 doors specs and photos

MAZDA 2 / Demio - 3 doors

hatchbacks

Gasoline

1 generation

2007 - 2014
MAZDA 2 / Demio - Sedan specs and photos

MAZDA 2 / Demio - Sedan

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

2008 - 2014
MAZDA 3 MPS / MAZDASPEED 3 specs and photos

MAZDA 3 MPS / MAZDASPEED 3

hatchbacks

Gasoline

2 generations

2009 - 2013
MAZDA 323 Hatchback specs and photos

MAZDA 323 Hatchback

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1994 - 1998
MAZDA 323 Sedan specs and photos

MAZDA 323 Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1989 - 1991
MAZDA 323 Station Wagon specs and photos

MAZDA 323 Station Wagon

wagons

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1986 - 1994
MAZDA 6 / Atenza Hatchback specs and photos

MAZDA 6 / Atenza Hatchback

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2007 - 2013
MAZDA 626 Hatchback specs and photos

MAZDA 626 Hatchback

hatchbacks

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1997 - 2002
MAZDA 626 Sedan specs and photos

MAZDA 626 Sedan

sedans

Gasoline · Diesel

3 generations

1997 - 2002
MAZDA 626 Station Wagon specs and photos

MAZDA 626 Station Wagon

wagons

Gasoline

1 generation

1988 - 1991
MAZDA B Series / Bravo Dual Cab specs and photos

MAZDA B Series / Bravo Dual Cab

trucks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1999 - 2006
MAZDA B Series / Bravo Freestyle Cab specs and photos

MAZDA B Series / Bravo Freestyle Cab

trucks

Gasoline · Diesel

1 generation

1999 - 2006
MAZDA BT-50 specs and photos

MAZDA BT-50

trucks

Diesel · Gasoline

4 generations

2018 - 2020
MAZDA CX-7 specs and photos

MAZDA CX-7

suvs

Gasoline · Diesel

2 generations

2009 - 2012
MAZDA Flairwagon specs and photos

MAZDA Flairwagon

vans

Gasoline

1 generation

2012 - 2013
MAZDA MX-3 specs and photos

MAZDA MX-3

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1991 - 1998
MAZDA MX-6 specs and photos

MAZDA MX-6

coupes

Gasoline

1 generation

1992 - 1997
MAZDA RX-7 specs and photos

MAZDA RX-7

coupes

Gasoline

5 generations

1992 - 2002
MAZDA RX-8 specs and photos

MAZDA RX-8

coupes

Gasoline

2 generations

2008 - 2012
MAZDA Tribute specs and photos

MAZDA Tribute

suvs

Gasoline · Hybrid

3 generations

2008 - 2011
MAZDA Xedos 6 specs and photos

MAZDA Xedos 6

sedans

Gasoline

1 generation

1992 - 1999
MAZDA Xedos 9 specs and photos

MAZDA Xedos 9

sedans

Gasoline

2 generations

2001 - 2002