Auto Glossary




The Gross Axle Weight Rating is the maximum amount of weight that can be supported by each axle, as prescribed by the manufacturer.
Gross Axle Weight Rating


Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR) is the maximum weight of a completely loaded vehicle and its trailer, as designated by the manufacturer.
Gross Combined Weight Rating


This is a numerical ratio of a series of gears in relation to each other, based on the number of turns of the input shaft, compared to turns of the output shaft. Gear ratios are determined by the number of teeth on each gear (and therefore the size of each gear).
Gear Ratio


GPF is an emission after-treatment technology spun off from diesel particulate filters, meant to limit particulate emissions from gasoline engines.
Gasoline Particulate Filter


GRMN is a name used by Toyota to designate more its line of more performance-oriented cars. They name takes after Gazoo Racing, the carmaker's motorsport and tuning arm, and the famous German Nürburgring track.
Gazoo Racing Meister of Nürburgring


Ground clearance is the measurement from the lowest-hanging point under a vehicle (usually a differential, part of the suspension or the exhaust system) towards the ground. A high ground clearance allows a vehicle to drive more easily off-road or through heavy snow without damaging the underbody.
Ground Clearance


Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) is the total weight of a vehicle (with passengers, luggage, fuel, coolants and any options or accessories).
Gross Vehicle Weight


The maximum allowable total weight of the vehicle that may not be exceeded, as designated by the manufacturer. GVWR is identified on the manufacturer's certification label, which is usually located on the driver's door or door jam. GVWR is the combination of curb weight plus payload (including driver and fuel).
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating

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