IIHS Explains New Overlap Front Crash Tests [Video]
To further explain the differences between its two frontal crash tests, the Institute has released a second video of the “Inside IIHS” series, that demonstrates how structural performance, dummy injury measures, and restraint systems affect a vehicle’s frontal rating.
Just to show how important the new small overlap crash test is, only two out of the 13 compact crossovers tested recently managed to score the Top Safety Pick+ rating: the Mitsubishi Outlander Sport and the Subaru Forester. Nine of them earned the regular Top Safety Pick, which doesn’t include the small overlap test, while the Jeep Wrangler and the Nissan Rogue did not fare too well.
In the moderate overlap front crash test, 40 percent of the vehicle’s front end on the driver’s side hits a rigid barrier at 40 mph. In the small overlap front crash test, only 25 percent of the car’s front end is tested under the same circumstances.